Victoria and Albert Museum

From Academic Kids

The Cromwell Road entrance to the Victoria and Albert Museum
The Cromwell Road entrance to the Victoria and Albert Museum

The Victoria and Albert Museum (the V&A) is on Cromwell Road in Kensington, West London. It specialises in applied and decorative arts.

The museum was established in 1852 as the South Kensington Museum, following the success of the Great Exhibition of 1851. It was renamed in 1899 in honour of Queen Victoria and her late consort Albert.

The building is Victorian and Edwardian. It covers 11 acres (45,000 m²), has 145 galleries and a collection of 4 million items. Entrance has been free since November 22, 2001.

One of the most beloved parts of the museum is the Cast Courts, comprising two large, skylighted rooms two storeys high housing hundreds of plaster casts of sculptures, friezes and tombs. One of these is dominated by a full-scale replica of Trajan's Column, cut in half in order to fit under the ceiling. The other includes reproductions of various works of Italian Renaissance sculpture and architecture, including a full-size replica of Michelangelo's David. Replicas of two earlier Davids by Donatello and Verrocchio, are also included, although for some reason the Verrocchio replica is displayed in a glass case.

The two Courts are divided by corridors on both storeys, and the partitions that used to line the upper corridor were removed in 2004 in order to allow the Courts to be viewed from above.

The V&A also houses Britain's national collection of sculpture; although currently poorly displayed the highlights are Bernini's fountain of Neptune and Triton and Canova's Three Graces.

Recently, controversy surrounded the Museum's proposed building of an 80 million extension called The Spiral, designed by Daniel Libeskind, which was criticised as out of keeping with the architecture of the original buildings. The Spiral's design was described by some as looking like jumbled cardboard boxes. In September 2004, the Museum's Board of Trustees voted to abandon the design after failing to receive funding from the Heritage Lottery Fund.

In 2005 some of the sculpture galleries were closed in preparation for a major reorganisation which, it is claimed, will better allow the works to be viewed in their historical context.

The museum also runs Apsley House; the Museum of Childhood at Bethnal Green; and the Theatre Museum in Covent Garden.

The museum is close to the Natural History Museum and the Science Museum. The closest London Underground station is South Kensington. A tunnel links the station to the museums, and a new entrance was recently opened linking the V&A's basement directly to the tunnel.

Missing image
In 2000, a 30ft high, blown glass, chandelier by Dale Chihuly was installed as a focal point in the rotunda at the V&A's main entrance.
Missing image
A plaster copy of Trajan's Column dominates the cast room in the sculpture wing.

External links

it:Victoria and Albert Museum di Londra he:מוזיאון ויקטוריה ואלברט

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