Pico Island

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Ponta do Pico (Pico Alto)

Ponta do Pico as viewed from Faial Island.
Elevation:2351 m (7,713 feet)
Coordinates: Template:Coor d
Location:Azores
Type:Stratovolcano
Last eruption:1720
First ascent:
Easiest route:

Pico (Ilha do Pico) is an island of the Azores noted for its eponymous volcano, Ponta de Pico (Pico Alto), which is the highest mountain of Portugal and also the highest elevation of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge.

The island is 17.5 km south of São Jorge (Ilha de So Jorge) and just 7 km west of Faial (Ilha do Faial). It is 42 km long, has a maximum width of 15 km and an area of 447 km making the second largest of the Azores islands. The main settlements are the capital Madalena, So Roque do Pico and Lajes do Pico, the total population is around 15,000.

The volcano is in the south-west of the island, at 38.47 N, 28.40 W. It is a basaltic stratocone 2,350 m high with steep sides. The last eruption was in 1963; prior major eruptions were in 1562-64, 1718 and 1720. The paths of the lava flows are still visible, those of the 16th century and 1718 were particularly substantial, extending for over 10 km.

The island supported a substantial whaling industry until 1980. The position of the island on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge means that deep water is very close. Active industries include tourism, ship-building and wine production (Landscape of the Pico Island Vineyard Culture has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2004). It has a notable wine, the Pico Wine (Vinho do Pico).


External links

fr:Pico (le) pt:Ilha do Pico sv:Pico

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