Humberto Maturana

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Humberto Maturana (born 1928 in Santiago) is a Chilean biologist and philosopher. Together with Francisco Varela, he invented the concept of autopoiesis. Maturana is also considered to be one of the founders of radical constructivism - a relativistic epistemology built on empirical findings of neurobiology.

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  • Maturana H.R. and F.G. Varela De máquinas y seres vivos, Editorial Universitaria, Santiago, Chile, 1972 (in Spanish). In English: Autopoiesis: the organization of the living, in Autopoiesis and Cognition by Maturana H.R. and F.G. Varela, Reidel 1980.
  • Humberto R. Maturana, Francisco J. Varela, The Tree of Knowledge: The Biological Roots of Human Understanding, Boston: Shambhala, 1987, ISBN 0877733732
  • Humberto R. Maturana, Francisco J. Varela, Autopoiesis and Cognition: The Realization of the Living
  • Maturana, Erkennen: Die Organisation und Verkörperung von Wiklichkeit, Wiesbaden: Friedrich Vieweg & Sohn Braunschweig, 1982. (in German)
  • Maturana, Humberto R. Biology of language: The epistemology of reality,Chapter 2 in Miller, George A., and Elizabeth Lenneberg (eds.), Psychology and Biology of Language and Thought: Essays in Honor of Eric Lenneberg, New York: Academic Press, 1978, pp. 27-63.(http://www.enolagaia.com/M78BoL.html)
  • Maturana, Humberto R. Man and society, in Benseler, Hejl, and Köck (1980), pp. 11-32.
  • Maturana R. Humberto, Ontology of Observing, The biological foundations of self consciousness and the physical domain of existence, Conference Workbook: Texts in Cybernetics, American Society For Cybernetics Conference, Felton, CA. 18-23 October, 1988. (http://www.inteco.cl/biology/ontology/index.htm)
  • H. Maturana, REALITY: The Search for Objectivity or the Quest for a Compelling Argument, The Irish Journal of Psychology, Vol. 9 (1988), no. 1, pp. 25-82. (http://www.enolagaia.com/M88Reality.html)
  • Maturana, Humberto R.The origin of the theory of autopoietic systems, in Fischer, H. R. (ed.), Autopoiesis. Eine Theorie im Brennpunkt der Kritik, Frankfurt: Suhrkamp Verlag, 1991.
  • Maturana, Humberto R., and G. Verden-Zöller Liebe und Spiel, die vergessene Grundlage der Menschlichkeit, Carl Auer Verlag, 1993 (in German).
  • Maturana, Humberto R., and G. Verden-Zöller, Biology of love, in Opp, G., and F. Peterander, F. (Eds.): Focus Heilpadagogik, Munchen/Basel: Ernst Reinhardt, 1996.
  • H. Maturana, Autopoiesis, Structural Coupling and Cognition, (a 1999 draft version in: http://www.isss.org/maturana.htm)
  • Maturana, H and Mpodozis, J. The origin of species by means of natural drift, Revista Chilena de Historia Natural 73: 261-310. (2000)de:Humberto Maturana

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