List of Prime Ministers of France

From Academic Kids

This page is a list of French prime ministers.

Before the constitution of the Fifth Republic in 1959, there was no official position entitled "Prime Minister" in the French government. Rather, one of the government ministers held the semi-official title of President of the Council of Ministers (Président du Conseil de Ministres), and was unofficially known as the prime minister (premier ministre). Even this was something of a misnomer, as it was the President of France who actually presided over the Council of Ministers.


Chief Ministers of the French Kings, 1624-1791


Prime Ministers of France, 1815-present

  Prime Minister fromtoParty
Restoration Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord,
Prince de Benevente
July 9, 1815September 26, 1815
Armand-Emmanuel du Plessis, Duc de RechelieuSeptember 26, 1815December 29, 1818
Jean-Joseph, Marquis DessollesDecember 29, 1818November 19, 1819
Élie, Comte DecazesNovember 19, 1819February 20, 1820
Armand-Emmanuel du Plessis, Duc de RichelieuFebruary 20, 1820December 14, 1821
Jean-Baptiste, Comte de VillèleDecember 14, 1821January 4, 1828
Jean-Baptiste Gaye, Vicomte de MartignacJanuary 4, 1828August 8, 1829
Jules, Prince de PolignacAugust 8, 1829July 29, 1830
July Monarchy Victor, duc de BroglieAugust 13, 1830November 2, 1830
Jacques LaffitteNovember 2, 1830March 13, 1831
Casimir Pierre PérierMarch 13, 1831May 16, 1832
Nicolas Jean de Dieu Soult, Duc de DalmatieOctober 11, 1832July 18, 1834
Etienne-Maurice, Comte GérardJuly 18, 1834November 10, 1834
Hugues Maret, Duc de BassanoNovember 10, 1834November 18, 1834
Edouard Mortier, Duc de TrevisoNovember 18, 1834March 12, 1835
Victor, duc de BroglieMarch 12, 1835February 22, 1836
Adolphe ThiersFebruary 22, 1836September 6, 1836
Louis, Comte MoléSeptember 6, 1836March 31, 1839
Nicolas Jean de Dieu Soult, Duc de DalmatieMay 12, 1839March 1, 1840
Adolphe ThiersMarch 1, 1840October 29, 1840
Nicolas Jean de Dieu Soult, Duc de DalmatieOctober 29, 1840September 19, 1847
François GuizotSeptember 19, 1847February 23, 1848
Louis, Comte MoléFebruary 23, 1848February 24, 1848
Adolphe ThiersFebruary 24, 1848February 24, 1848
Second Republic Jacques-Charles Dupont de l'EureFebruary 24, 1848May 9, 1848
Jean AragoMay 10, 1848June 24, 1848
Louis-Eugène CavaignacJune 28, 1848December 20, 1848
Odilon BarrotDecember 20, 1848October 31, 1849
Alphonse Henri, comte d'HautpoulOctober 31, 184910 April 1851
Léon Faucher10 April 18512 December 1851
Second Empire None18511870
Émile OllivierJanuary 2, 1870August 9, 1870
Charles Cousin-Montauban, Comte de PalikaoAugust 9, 1870September 4, 1870
Provisional Government Jules TrochuSeptember 4, 1870February 18, 1871
Third Republic Jules DufaureFebruary 19, 1871May 24, 1873
Albert, duc de BroglieMay 25, 1873May 22, 1874
Ernest Courtot de CisseyMay 22, 1874March 10, 1875
Louis BuffetMarch 10, 1875February 23, 1876
Jules DufaureFebruary 23, 1876December 12, 1876
Jules SimonDecember 12, 1876May 17, 1877
Albert, duc de BroglieMay 17, 1877November 23, 1877
Gaëtan de RochebouëtNovember 23, 1877December 13, 1877
Jules DufaureDecember 13, 1877February 4, 1879
William WaddingtonFebruary 4, 1879December 28, 1879
Charles de FreycinetDecember 28, 1879September 23, 1880
Jules FerrySeptember 23, 1880November 14, 1881
Léon GambettaNovember 14, 1881January 30, 1882
Charles de FreycinetJanuary 30, 1882August 7, 1882
Charles DuclercAugust 7, 1882January 29, 1883
Armand FallièresJanuary 29, 1883February 21, 1883
Jules FerryFebruary 21, 1883April 6, 1885
Henri BrissonApril 6, 1885January 7, 1886
Charles de FreycinetJanuary 7, 1886December 16, 1886
René GobletDecember 16, 1886May 30, 1887
Maurice RouvierMay 30, 1887December 12, 1887
Pierre TirardDecember 12, 1887April 3, 1888
Charles FloquetApril 3, 1888February 22, 1889
Pierre TirardFebruary 22, 1889March 17, 1890
Charles de FreycinetMarch 17, 1890February 27, 1892
Émile LoubetFebruary 27, 1892December 6, 1892
Alexandre RibotDecember 6, 1892April 4, 1893
Charles DupuyApril 4, 1893December 3, 1893
Jean Casimir-PérierDecember 3, 1893May 30, 1894
Charles DupuyMay 30, 1894January 26, 1895
Alexandre RibotJanuary 26, 1895November 1, 1895
Léon BourgeoisNovember 1, 1895April 29, 1896
Jules MélineApril 29, 1896June 28, 1898
Henri BrissonJune 28, 1898November 1, 1898
Charles DupuyNovember 1, 1898June 22, 1899
René Waldeck-RousseauJune 22, 1899June 7, 1902
Émile CombesJune 7, 1902January 24, 1905Radical
Maurice RouvierJanuary 24, 1905March 12, 1906
Ferdinand SarrienMarch 12, 1906October 25, 1906
Georges ClemenceauOctober 25, 1906July 24, 1909Radical
Aristide BriandJuly 24, 1909March 2, 1911SFIO
Ernest MonisMarch 2, 1911June 27, 1911
Joseph CaillauxJune 27, 1911January 21, 1912
Raymond PoincaréJanuary 21, 1912January 21, 1913PDR
Aristide BriandJanuary 21, 1913March 22, 1913PRS
Louis BarthouMarch 22, 1913December 9, 1913
Gaston DoumergueDecember 9, 1913June 9, 1914
Alexandre RibotJune 9, 1914June 13, 1914
René VivianiJune 13, 1914October 29, 1915
Aristide BriandOctober 29, 1915March 20, 1917PRS
Alexandre RibotMarch 20, 1917September 12, 1917
Paul PainlevéSeptember 12, 1917November 16, 1917PRS
Georges ClemenceauNovember 16, 1917January 20, 1920Radical
Alexandre MillerandJanuary 20, 1920September 24, 1920
Georges LeyguesSeptember 24, 1920January 16, 1921
Aristide BriandJanuary 16, 1921January 15, 1922PRS
Raymond PoincaréJanuary 15, 1922June 8, 1924PDR
Frédéric François-MarsalJune 8, 1924June 15, 1924
Édouard HerriotJune 15, 1924April 17, 1925Radical
Paul PainlevéApril 17, 1925November 28, 1925PRS
Aristide BriandNovember 28, 1925July 20, 1926PRS
Édouard HerriotJuly 20, 1926July 23, 1926Radical
Raymond PoincaréJuly 23, 1926July 29, 1929PDR
Aristide BriandJuly 29, 1929November 2, 1929PRS
André TardieuNovember 2, 1929February 21, 1930
Camille ChautempsFebruary 21, 1930March 2, 1930Radical
André TardieuMarch 2, 1930December 13, 1930
Théodore SteegDecember 13, 1930January 27, 1931
Pierre LavalJanuary 27, 1931February 20, 1932
André TardieuFebruary 20, 1932June 3, 1932
Édouard HerriotJune 3, 1932December 18, 1932Radical
Joseph Paul-BoncourDecember 18, 1932January 31, 1933PDRS
Édouard DaladierJanuary 31, 1933October 26, 1933Radical
Albert SarrautOctober 26, 1933November 26, 1933Radical
Camille ChautempsNovember 26, 1933January 30, 1934Radical
Édouard DaladierJanuary 30, 1934February 9, 1934Radical
Gaston DoumergueFebruary 9, 1934November 8, 1934Radical
Pierre Étienne FlandinNovember 8, 1934June 1, 1935
Fernand BouissonJune 1, 1935June 7, 1935
Pierre LavalJune 7, 1935January 24, 1936
Albert SarrautJanuary 24, 1936June 4, 1936Radical
Léon BlumJune 4, 1936June 22, 1937SFIO
Camille ChautempsJune 22, 1937March 13, 1938Radical
Léon BlumMarch 13, 1938April 10, 1938SFIO
Édouard DaladierApril 10, 1938March 21, 1940Radical
Paul ReynaudMarch 21, 1940June 16, 1940PDRS
Philippe PétainJune 16, 1940July 11, 1940
Vichy France Pierre Laval (Vice Premier under Pétain)July 11, 1940December 13, 1940
Pierre Étienne Flandin (Vice Premier under Pétain)December 13, 1940February 9, 1941
François Darlan (Vice Premier under Pétain)February 9, 1941April 18, 1942
Pierre LavalApril 18, 1942August 17, 1944
Provisional Government Charles de GaulleJune 3, 1944January 26, 1946non-party
Félix GouinJanuary 26, 1946June 24, 1946SFIO
Georges BidaultJune 24, 1946December 16, 1946MRP
Léon BlumDecember 16, 1946January 16, 1947SFIO
Fourth Republic Paul RamadierJanuary 22, 1947November 24, 1947SFIO
Robert SchumanNovember 24, 1947July 26, 1948MRP
André MarieJuly 26, 1948September 5, 1948Radical
Robert SchumanSeptember 5, 1948September 11, 1948MRP
Henri QueuilleSeptember 11, 1948October 28, 1949Radical
Georges BidaultOctober 28, 1949July 2, 1950MRP
Henri QueuilleJuly 2, 1950July 12, 1950Radical
René PlevenJuly 12, 1950March 10, 1951UDSR
Henri QueuilleMarch 10, 1951August 11, 1951Radical
René PlevenAugust 11, 1951January 20, 1952UDSR
Edgar FaureJanuary 20, 1952March 8, 1952Radical
Antoine PinayMarch 8, 1952January 8, 1953CNIP
René MayerJanuary 8, 1953June 27, 1953Radical
Joseph LanielJune 27, 1953June 18, 1954CNIP
Pierre Mendès-FranceJune 18, 1954February 17, 1955 Radical
Christian PineauFebruary 17, 1955February 23, 1955Radical
Edgar FaureFebruary 23, 1955January 31, 1956Radical
Guy MolletJanuary 31, 1956June 12, 1957SFIO
Maurice Bourgès-MaunouryJune 12, 1957November 6, 1957Radical
Félix GaillardNovember 6, 1957May 13, 1958Radical
Pierre PflimlinMay 13, 1958June 1, 1958MRP
Charles de GaulleJune 1, 1958January 8, 1959UNR
Fifth Republic Michel DebréJanuary 8, 1959April 14, 1962UNR
Georges PompidouApril 14, 1962July 10, 1968UNR
Maurice Couve de MurvilleJuly 10, 1968June 20, 1969UDR
Jacques Chaban-DelmasJune 20, 1969July 6, 1972UDR
Pierre MessmerJuly 6, 1972May 27, 1974UDR
Jacques ChiracMay 27, 1974August 26, 1976UDR
Raymond BarreAugust 26, 1976May 21, 1981UDF
Pierre MauroyMay 21, 1981July 17, 1984Socialist
Laurent FabiusJuly 17, 1984March 20, 1986Socialist
Jacques ChiracMarch 20, 1986May 10, 1988RPR
Michel RocardMay 10, 1988May 15, 1991Socialist
Edith CressonMay 15, 1991April 2, 1992Socialist
Pierre BérégovoyApril 2, 1992March 29, 1993Socialist
Edouard BalladurMarch 29, 1993May 18, 1995RPR
Alain JuppéMay 18, 1995June 3, 1997RPR
Lionel JospinJune 3, 1997May 6, 2002Socialist
Jean-Pierre RaffarinMay 6, 2002May 31, 2005UMP
Dominique de VillepinMay 31, 2005 UMP

See also: President of France, Politics of France, History of France, List of Foreign Ministers of France

External link

fr:Premier ministre de la France id:Perdana Menteri Perancis pl:Premierzy Francji ro:Premierii Franţei

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