Governor of Hong Kong

From Academic Kids

The Governor of Hong Kong was a British official who ruled Hong Kong during the colonial period between 1841 and 1997 and was ex officio Commander-in-Chief and Vice-Admiral of Hong Kong.

Missing image
Governor of Hong Kong's Flag, 1959-1997

Upon the reunification of Hong Kong with the People's Republic of China in 1997, this office was replaced by the Chief Executive of Hong Kong.

The Governor, appointed by the British monarch, maintained executive power in Hong Kong throughout British rule, and with the exception of a brief experiment after World War II, there was no serious attempt was being made to introduce representative government, until the final years prior to the reunification. The Governor appointed most, if not all, of the members of the colony's legislature the Legislative Council (known colloquially as LegCo) until the first direct elections of LegCo in 1991, and all members of the Executive Council (ExCo), effectively the cabinet of the colonial government. Initially both Councils were dominated by British expatriates, although this gave way to more local Hong Kong Chinese appointees in later years. Most recent governors of Hong Kong were professional diplomats, but the last Governor, Chris Patten, was a career politician.

Residences of the governors


Hong Kong had 28 governors, and 9 administrators:

 January 1841August 1841 Charles Elliot
 August 1841June 1843 Sir Henry Pottinger
1June 1843May 1844Sir Henry Pottinger (砵甸乍) 
2May 1844March 1848Sir John Francis Davis (爹核士) 
3March 1848April 1854Sir Samuel George Bonham (文咸) 
4April 1854May 1859Sir John Bowring (寶寧) 
5September 1859March 1865Lord Hercules George Robert Robinson (羅士敏) 
 March 1865March 1866 Wiliam T. Mercer
6March 1866April 1872Sir Richard Graves Macdonell (麥當奴) 
7April 1872March 1877Sir Arthur Edward Kennedy (堅尼地) 
8April 1877March 1882Sir John Pope Hennessy (軒尼詩) 
 March 1882March 1883 Sir William H. Marsh
9March 1883December 1885Sir George Ferguson Bowen (寶雲) 
 December 1885April 1887 Sir William H. Marsh
 April 1887October 1887 Major-General N.G. Cameron
10October 1887May 1891Sir George William Des Voeux (德輔) 
 May 1891December 1891 Major-General Digby Barker
11December 1891January 1898Sir William Robinson (羅便臣) 
 February 1898November 1898 Major-General W. Black
12November 1898July 1903Sir Henry Arthur Blake (卜力) 
 November 1903July 1904 Sir Francis Henry May
13July 1904April 1907Sir Matthew Nathan (彌敦) 
14July 1907March 1912Lord Frederick Lugard (盧押) 
15July 1912February 1919Sir Francis Henry May (梅含理) 
16September 1919October 1925Sir Reginald Edward Stubbs (司徒拔) 
17November 1925February 1930Sir Cecil Clementi (金文泰) 
18May 1930May 1935Sir William Peel (貝璐) 
19December 1935April 1937Sir Andrew Caldecott (郝德傑) 
20November 1937September 1941Sir Geoffry Alexander Stafford Northcote (羅富國) 
21September 1941Dec 1941Sir Mark Aitchison Young (楊慕琦) 
interrupted by Japanese invasion and occupation of Hong Kong
 December 1941February 1942 Lt.-General Takashi Sakai (酒井 隆) and Lt.-General Masaichi Niimi (新見政一)
 February 1942December 1944Lt.-General Isogai Rensuke (磯谷廉介)  
 February 1945August 1945Lt.-General Hisaichi Tanaka (田中久一)  
interrupted by Japanese invasion and occupation of Hong Kong
 August 1945September 1945Provisional Government ruled by Sir Franklin Charles Gimson
 September 1945April 1946Military Government ruled by Rear Admiral Sir Cecil H.J. Harcourt (夏愨)
21May 1946May 1947Sir Mark Aitchison Young (楊慕琦) 
22July 1947December 1957Sir Alexander Grantham (葛量洪) 
23January 1958March 1964Sir Robert Brown Black (柏立基) 
24April 1964October 1971Sir David Clive Crosbie Trench (戴麟趾) 
25November 1971May 1982Lord MacLehose of Beoch (麥理浩) 
26May 1982December 1986Sir Edward Youde (尤德) (died in office) 
 December 1986April 1987 Sir David Akers-Jones (鍾逸傑) (Acting Governor)
27April 1987July 1992Lord Wilson of Tillyorn (衛奕信) 
28July 1992June 1997Christopher Francis Patten (彭定康) 

See also



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