Crimean Gothic language

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(Redirected from Crimean Gothic)
Crimean Gothic ()
Spoken in: Crimea
Region:
Total speakers: Extinct
Ranking: Not in top 100
Genetic classification: Indo-European

 Germanic
  East Germanic
   Crimean Gothic

Official status
Official language of: -
Regulated by: -
Language codes
ISO 639-1-
ISO 639-2got
SILGOF
See also: LanguageList of languages

The Crimean Gothic language is dialect of the Gothic language that was spoken by the Crimean Goths in some isolated locations in the Crimea (now Ukraine) until as late as 18th century.

Few fragments of the Crimean Gothic have survived: All our knowledge is based on a letter by the 16th century Flemish ambassador Ogier Ghiselin de Busbecq, which gives a list of some eighty words and a bit of insight into its grammar.

Crimean Gothic is almost universally recognized as Gothic on the grounds of its phonological features: the word ada "egg", for instance, shows the typical Gothic "strengthening" of Proto-Germanic *-jj- into -ddj- (as in Ulfilian Gothic iddja "went" from PGmc. *ejjon), being from PGmc. *ajja-.

The Vikings may have discovered their presence, since the Gutasaga relates that a third of Gotland's inhabitants had to leave the island and settle in the land of the Greeks, where they still retained much of the same language as Old Gutnish.

External links

de:Krimgotische Sprache

sv:Krimgotiska nds:Krimgootsche Spraak

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