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The Capitulation of Granada by F. Padilla: Boabdil confronts Ferdinand and Isabella

Boabdil (a corruption of the name Abu Abdullah, or, in full, Abu 'abd Allah Muhammad XII) (1460?-1527) was the last Moorish king of Granada (of the Nasrid dynasty). He was also called el chico, the little, and also el zogoybi, the unfortunate. A son of Muley Abul Hassan, king of the taifa of Granada, he was proclaimed king in 1482 in place of his father, who was driven from the land.

Boabdil soon after sought to gain prestige by invading Castile. He was taken prisoner at Lucena in 1483, and only obtained his freedom by consenting to hold Granada as a tributary kingdom under Ferdinand and Isabella, king and queen of Castile and Aragon. The next few years were consumed in struggles with his father and his uncle Abdullah ez Zagal.

In 1489 Boabdil was summoned by Ferdinand and Isabella to surrender the city of Granada, and on his refusal it was besieged by the Castilians. Eventually, on 2 January, 1492, Granada was surrendered, and the king spent some time on his señorío ("manor") of Las Alpujarras in Andalusia. Subsequently he crossed to Maghreb, North Africa, and is said to have been killed in battle fighting for his kinsman, the ruler of Fez. The spot from which Boabdil looked for the last time on Granada is still shown, and is known as the last sigh of the Moor (el último suspiro del Moro). This is taken from a legend. Boabdil is said to have looked back and grieved for the fall of his kingdom. His mother is said to have mocked him, saying "Weep as a woman for what you couldn't defend as a man."

Under the terms of the Capitulation, the Granadinos were permitted life, lands and their faith as mudéjares. Their Catholic Majesties honored the terms of the Capitulation for nine years, but with Granada well under control, a decree of conversion or exile was emitted, the Moriscos who stayed submitted to the new faith, and the political history of al-Andalus was at an XII. (Granada) sv:Boabdil av Granada es:Boabdil


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