Flag of Latvia

From Academic Kids

Missing image
Missing image

Flag ratio: 1:2

The National Flag of Latvia was re-adopted on February 27, 1990. The same flag was used by the independent Latvia from 1918 till the occupation in 1940.



The red-white-red Latvian flag was first mentioned in the chapters of The Rhyme Chronicle of Livonia (Ditleb von Alnpekes Livlndische Reimchronik). This historical evidence places the Latvian flag among the oldest flags in the world. The chronicle tells about a battle that took place around 1280, in which ancient Latvian tribes from Cēsis, a city in the northern part of Latvia, went to war against ancient Estonian tribes, bearing a red flag with a white stripe, which was also the banner of a castle there.

Another legend refers to a deadly wounded leader of a Latvian tribe who was wrapped in a white sheet. The part of the sheet on which he was lying remained white, but the two edges were stained in his blood. In the next battle the blood stained sheet was used as a flag. According to the legend this time the Latvian warriors attacked and drove the enemy away. Ever since then Latvian warriors have been using this flag.

Based on the aforementioned historical record, the present day flag design was adapted by artist Ansis Cīrulis in May 1917. The red colour of the Latvian flag is a particular dark red tone that is referred to as Latvian red in the rest of the world. The flag's colour proportions are 2:1:2 (the upper and lower red bands are always twice as wide as the white band in the middle), and the correlation of the width and length of the flag is fixed as 1:2. The Latvian national flag, together with the national coat of arms was affirmed in this format by a special parliamentary decree of the Republic of Latvia that was passed on June 15, 1921.

Presidential Flag of Latvia

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The Presidential Flag of Latvia
The Banner of the President is white with the rectangular cross in the colour proportions of the national flag. In the centre of the cross covering the interruption of the colours of the national flag there is the big Coat of Arms of Latvia. The height of the Coat of Arms is 1/3 of the width of the Banner, the centre of the sun depicted on the shield of the Coat of Arms is in the centre of the Banner. The proportion between the width of the national colours and that of the Banner is 1:5. The proportion between the length and width of the Banner is 3:2.

Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia

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The Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia
The Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia is designed like the naval ensign with the Coat of Arms in canton. The size of the Coat of Arms is equal to the one in the Presidential Flag (i.e. height 1/3 of hoist).


Colour definition of the white colour of the flag:

  • PANTONE White

Colour definition of the red colour of the flag:

  • PANTONE 1807C

Pantone "Latvian red" CMYK:

  • Version 1 - C: 0%; M: 100%; Y: 65%; K: 47%;
  • Version 2 - C: 27%; M: 97%; Y: 81%; K: 27%;

See also

External Links

National flags
List of national flags | List of national coats of arms
be:Сьцяг Латвіі

de:Flagge Lettlands he:דגל לטביה it:Bandiera lettone lt:Latvijos vėliava pl:Flaga Łotwy pt:Bandeira da Letnia


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