Flag of Iran

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Flag ratio: 4:7

The current flag of Iran was adopted on July 29, 1980, and is a reflection of the changes brought to Iran by the Islamic Revolution. The basic design of the flag is three horizontal bands of green above white above red, symbolising, respectively, Islam, peace, and courage. This basic design has been used since the beginning of the century and existed on the flags of the Shahs of Iran.

However, during the time of the Shahs, the center of the flag had an image of a lion with a sword, which is a classical symbol of Persia. Since the Islamic Revolution, the lion has been replaced by a symbol which has many meanings, but that is essentially a stylized form of the word Allah. The symbol also represents four crescents with a sword in the middle. The symbol was designed by Hamid Nadimi, and was officially approved by Ayatollah Khomeini on May 9, 1980.

A further change to the flag following the Islamic Revolution has been the addition of writing on the borders between the white, and the green and red bands reading, in Arabic, Allahu Akbar or God is the Greatest. There are 22 copies of this inscription, symbolic of the date of the revolution, the 22nd day of the 11th month (Bahman) in the Iranian calendar. This renders the flag non-reversible.

Physical requirements for the Iranian flag, the exact shape of the emblem and an algorithmic ruler-and-compass construction are described in the national Iranian standard ISIRI 1 (http://www.isiri.org/std/1.htm) (in Persian).

National flags
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de:Flagge Irans

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